Map and Compass !
Topographic maps are very useful for accurately showing lakes, slope angle and other natural and man-made features. They are excellent for trip planning and coupled with a compass, plus having the proper training can make navigating a safe and fun experience.
Photos: New Brunswick Tourism & Parks (hikers); Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism (kayak); Canadian Tourism Commission (snowboarder); Ottawa Tourism (cyclists)
Photo: New Brunswick Tourism & Parks